This article is over a year late. It was stuck in my drafts for a long time, yet I think the idea is something that we need to solve into 2018. It also turns out that other issues have arisen in the last year that make it a bit more relevant.
I was in Indonesia earlier in 2016 idly chatting with developers and it came up in conversation that the web is screwed (they were the literal words). The crux of the issue was that users today, and specifically users who are coming online for the first time, are creating content inside silos. In some cases these silos look and feel like the web but the content is only ever available on those platforms but it is perpetuated by the fact that every native application has the ability to actively participate in every interaction the user has on their computing device, but the web doesn't, and that is a killer. It's impossible to get content into web experiences, but it is easier to get content out.
More concretely, there were a number of scenarios that we discussed.
- You take a picture on your camera app and you want to share the image. You press share but only native apps appear in the list. The web is not part of the choice for users, so the web can never capture that value.
- You want to share the current page in the browser. You press share but only native apps appear in the list. The act of sharing information means that we are losing the a user from the web to a native experience
- You create some content directly inside a web page and you want to share it, your only option is to include a widget that shares.
In early 2017 we saw the launch of navigator.share which
brought native sharing to the web (well, users of Chrome at least). The irony is
navigator.share API perpetuates the flow of the users using native
In 2018 I would love the web to be to more effective at breaking down the silos that are perpetuated on native platforms. The web needs to be able to participate in every major interaction the user has with their device.
Late in 2017, "Improved add to home-screen" launched in Chrome on Android. This
meant that every time a user installs your
Progressive Web App an actual APK
is generated for the user. An APK on Android means that for all intents and
purpose your web application is considered a native application. In the first
iteration of "Improved add to home-screen" all that it means is that every
navigation to a url inside the scope of your PWA will open directly in the PWA.
The future is a little bit brighter though. Chrome is working on the Share target API which allows you to declare that your site will participate in the receiving of "shares". That means every time a user shares a link, your PWA will be able to be listed.
I am quite excited by this development because it means that large sites like Twitter Lite will now be able to be shared to without the need for the user to use the Native app, but it also means that small niche sites that only a handful of users might use can also be part of the same ecosystem.
The API can't handle images and binary data just yet, but looking at the Android ecosystem the ACTION_SEND intent is the most used intent and it's primarily just for sharing text and links.
It's a start. The web is breaking down one silo at a time.
I lead the Chrome Developer Relations team at Google.
We want people to have the best experience possible on the web without having to install a native app or produce content in a walled garden.
Our team tries to make it easier for developers to build on the web by supporting every Chrome release, creating great content to support developers on web.dev, contributing to MDN, helping to improve browser compatibility, and some of the best developer tools like Lighthouse, Workbox, Squoosh to name just a few.