Hosting Puppeteer in a Docker container

C'est un script qu'Eric Bidelman m'a donné (ou m'a aidé à créer & mdash, je m'en souviens très bien).

J'avais besoin d'un moyen simple d'héberger une application Web personnalisée pouvant se connecter à une instance de Headless Chrome via l'API Puppeteer. Cet article est principalement une référence pour le futur.

Le conteneur Docker est relativement simple:

  1. Utilisez le noeud: 8-slim 2. Installez toutes les dépendances requises, y compris Chrome. 3. Initialisez l'environnement 4. Copiez mon application du répertoire en cours (le fichier docker et l'application se trouvent dans le même dossier) 5. Configurez l'utilisateur et les autorisations 6. Exposez le port et démarrez l'application.
FROM node:8-slim
LABEL name "puppeteraas"

# See https://crbug.com/795759
RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -yq libgconf-2-4

# Install latest chrome dev package and fonts to support major 
# charsets (Chinese, Japanese, Arabic, Hebrew, Thai and a few others)
# Note: this installs the necessary libs to make the bundled version 
# of Chromium that Puppeteer
# installs, work.
RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y wget --no-install-recommends \
    && wget -q -O - https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub | apt-key add - \
    && sh -c 'echo "deb [arch=amd64] http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google.list' \
    && apt-get update \
    && apt-get install -y google-chrome-unstable fonts-ipafont-gothic fonts-wqy-zenhei fonts-thai-tlwg fonts-kacst ttf-freefont \
      --no-install-recommends \
    && rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/* \
    && apt-get purge --auto-remove -y curl \
    && rm -rf /src/*.deb

# It's a good idea to use dumb-init to help prevent zombie chrome processes.
ADD https://github.com/Yelp/dumb-init/releases/download/v1.2.0/dumb-init_1.2.0_amd64 /usr/local/bin/dumb-init
RUN chmod +x /usr/local/bin/dumb-init

# Uncomment to skip the chromium download when installing puppeteer. 
# If you do, you'll need to launch puppeteer with:
#     browser.launch({executablePath: 'google-chrome-unstable'})
# ENV PUPPETEER_SKIP_CHROMIUM_DOWNLOAD true

# Copy the app
COPY . /app/
#COPY local.conf /etc/fonts/local.conf
WORKDIR app
RUN npm i

# Add user so we don't need --no-sandbox.
RUN groupadd -r pptruser && useradd -r -g pptruser -G audio,video pptruser \
    && mkdir -p /home/pptruser/Downloads \
    && chown -R pptruser:pptruser /home/pptruser \
    && chown -R pptruser:pptruser ./node_modules

# Run everything after as non-privileged user.
USER pptruser

EXPOSE 8084
ENTRYPOINT ["dumb-init", "--"]
CMD ["npm", "run", "start"]

Pour rester simple, j'ai extrait la plus grande partie de la logique dans un nouveau script de conteneur docker appelé kinlan: puppets qui vous permet de personnaliser la façon dont vous déployez votre application.

FROM kinlan/puppets:latest

# Copy the app
COPY . /app/
#COPY local.conf /etc/fonts/local.conf
WORKDIR app
RUN npm i

# Add user so we don't need --no-sandbox.
RUN groupadd -r pptruser && useradd -r -g pptruser -G audio,video pptruser \
    && mkdir -p /home/pptruser/Downloads \
    && chown -R pptruser:pptruser /home/pptruser \
    && chown -R pptruser:pptruser ./node_modules

# Run everything after as non-privileged user.
USER pptruser

EXPOSE 8084
ENTRYPOINT ["dumb-init", "--"]
CMD ["npm", "run", "start"]

Je publierai bientôt une mise à jour supplémentaire sur l'endroit où je l'utilise.

About Me: Paul Kinlan

I lead the Chrome Developer Relations team at Google.

We want people to have the best experience possible on the web without having to install a native app or produce content in a walled garden.

Our team tries to make it easier for developers to build on the web by supporting every Chrome release, creating great content to support developers on web.dev, contributing to MDN, helping to improve browser compatibility, and some of the best developer tools like Lighthouse, Workbox, Squoosh to name just a few.